The Pulse CHOP generates pulses in one channel at regular intervals. The amplitude of each pulse can be edited with the CHOP sliders or with handles on the graph.
The Pulse CHOP gives a set of pulses in a static channel of a specifiable length.
The Pulse CHOP can be used as triggers to the Copy CHOP, and can represent regularly-timed events.
By default, the pulses are a single sample long, but you can increase the Pulse Width so that the pulses are steps to the next pulse. You can also interpolate the values between pulses, as Linear, Ease In Ease Out, Cubic or other curves.
The pulses can be restricted to a minimum / maximum limit. If the Limit Type is Clamp, the graph has additional convenient handles at the minimum and maximum for each pulse.
The Pulse CHOP generates a single channel of up to 32 pulses, and you can merge several Pulse CHOPs into a multi-channel CHOP.
The Pulse CHOP uses its optional second input as a start/end reference, so a number of Pulse CHOPs can be stretched to the same interval.
In order to set the value at the last sample, the option, Last Pulse at Last Sample is provided. Otherwise, the last pulse is prior to the last sample.
Parameters - Pulse Page
Number of Pulses
number - The number of pulses to generate.
interp - ⊞ - You can interpolate the values between pulses using the following function curves:
nointerp- Disables interpolation.
linear- Use linear interpolation between samples when the interval is lengthened. Averages all samples near the new sample when the interval is shortened.
- Ease in
easein- Uses an easein() function for blending.
- Ease out
easeout- Uses an easeout() function for blending.
- Ease in Ease out
cosine- Uses both easein() and easeout() functions.
cubic- Cubically interpolates between samples, for smoother curves than Linear. This method is not recommended for channels with sharp changes.
width - By default, the pulses are a single sample long, but you can increase the Pulse Width so that the pulses are steps to the next pulse.
Pulse Width Unit
widthunit - ⊞ -
limit - ⊞ -
nolimit- Pulses are allowed to be any value with no clamping.
clamp- Clamps pulse values to the Minimum and Maximum values specified below.
min - The pulses can be restricted to a Minimum limit. If the Limit Type is Clamp, the graph has additional convenient handles at the minimum for each pulse.
max - The pulses can be restricted to a Maximum limit. If the Limit Type is Clamp, the graph has additional convenient handles at the maximum for each pulse.
Last Pulse at Last Sample
lastpulse - In order to set the value at the last sample, the option Last Pulse at Last Sample is provided. Otherwise, the last pulse is prior to the last sample.
Parameters - 0 Page
etc. The value of the sequence pulse.
Parameters - 8 Page
Parameters - 16 Page
Parameters - 24 Page
Parameters - Channel Page
start - The start times of the desired interval.
startunit - ⊞ -
end - The end times of the desired interval.
endunit - ⊞ -
left - ⊞ - The left extend conditions.
- Default Value
right - ⊞ - The right extend conditions.
- Default Value
defval - The default value for extend conditions.
Parameters - Common Page
timeslice - Turning this on forces the channels to be "Time Sliced". A Time Slice is the time between the last cook frame and the current cook frame.
scope - To determine which channels get affected, some CHOPs use a Scope string on the Common page.
Sample Rate Match
srselect - ⊞ - Handle cases where multiple input CHOPs' sample rates are different. When Resampling occurs, the curves are interpolated according to the Interpolation Method Option, or "Linear" if the Interpolate Options are not available.
- Resample At First Input's Rate
first- Use rate of first input to resample others.
- Resample At Maximum Rate
max- Resample to the highest sample rate.
- Resample At Minimum Rate
min- Resample to the lowest sample rate.
- Error If Rates Differ
err- Doesn't accept conflicting sample rates.
exportmethod - ⊞ - This will determine how to connect the CHOP channel to the parameter. Refer to the Export article for more information.
- DAT Table by Index
datindex- Uses the docked DAT table and references the channel via the index of the channel in the CHOP.
- DAT Table by Name
datname- Uses the docked DAT table and references the channel via the name of the channel in the CHOP.
- Channel Name is Path:Parameter
autoname- The channel is the full destination of where to export to, such has
autoexportroot - This path points to the root node where all of the paths that exporting by Channel Name is Path:Parameter are relative to.
exporttable - The DAT used to hold the export information when using the DAT Table Export Methods (See above).
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To pulse a parameter is to send it a signal from a CHOP or python or a mouse click that causes a new action to occur immediately. A pulse from a CHOP is typically a 0 to 1 to 0 signal in a channel, and a pulse via python is via a
.pulse() call on a pulse-type parameter, such as Reset in a Speed CHOP.
samples-per-second of a CHOP. Each CHOP in your network has a sample rate, whether it is used or not. The overall timeline has a "frame rate", which is the number of animation frames per second, generally your monitor display frequency.
A Time Slice is the time from the last cook frame to the current cook frame. In CHOPs it is the set of short channels that only contain the CHOP channels' samples between the last and the current cook frame.
A parameter in most CHOPs that restricts which channels of that CHOP will be affected. Normally all channels of a CHOP are affected by the operator.
Exporting is the connection of CHOP channels to parameters of operators. The output of each exporting CHOP is one or more channels, active only while the CHOP Viewer is on. The current value of a channel can be exported to a parameter of any operator, overriding that parameter's value. See Parameter.
Parameters in TouchDesigner are an operator's settings (numbers, menus, flags, strings, paths) which the user can alter. Parameters for any operator can be opened by right-clicking on the operator and selecting "Parameters..." A currently selected operator's parameters can be viewed in a Network Editor by pressing the keyboard shortcut 'p'.